The Just Path: Between the Extremes of Excessiveness & Negligence

The Just Path: Between the Extremes of Excessiveness & Negligence

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The Official Stance of the Islamic State – may Allah honour it – regarding the debate on the one who stops short of Making Takfeer on the Polytheist affiliated to Islam.

Ansaru Khilafah Translation Note: All praise be to Allah, and may the blessings of Allah and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family and his companions. As for what follows: The following is a translation of a circular released by the Central Office – in charge of Supervising the Shar’ee Offices in the Islamic State – regarding the recent debates regarding what was called erroneously by those involved in the debate as the “Takfeer al-‘Athir”. We have added brief Translator Notes when it was necessary in [ ] square brackets. And for the benefit of the readers we have also attached the pictures of the original document below. We ask Allah to accept this effort from us and to bless the Islamic State with further consolidation and victories in this month. We end, praising Allah for this favour, and asking Allah for unity for the sincere believers. And He is all-capable.


Islamic State

Number: 155

The Central Office for Supervising the Shar’ee Diwans

Date: 22/8/1437 H

29/5/2016 CE

In the Name of Allah the Most Merciful the Most Compassionate

All praise belongs to Allah, the lord of the Worlds. May the blessings and peace be upon the Imam of the Mujahideen, our prophet Muhammad, and upon his family and all of his companions…

As for what follows:

Indeed Allah the most High has said: {And say to my slaves that they should (only) say those words that are the best. Verily, the devil sows disagreements among them. Indeed the devil has been an evident enemy to man.} [al-Isra: 53]

In recent times a matter became widespread among the soldiers of the Islamic State, which led to differences about some matters regarding which the hearts and tongues disagreed on leading to degeneration of the relations between the contenders. And this is from the issues that we have never been careless of, since we have been warned regarding it by the Messenger of Allah – blessings of Allah and peace be upon him – which he described to be the ‘Shaver of the Religion’ [i.e. the destroyer of the religion] when he said: “For indeed, the degeneration of the relations (between Muslims), it is the Haaliqah [the Shaver, i.e. the destroyer]”[1]

And we have looked at the origin of the Issue that is differed on, which is regarding the ruling of the one stopping short of making Takfeer on the Polytheists affiliated to Islam and other views that stem from it. And we have attained that those who dispute in the matter have two views – both of which has a side of the truth with excessiveness and negligence. With the permission of Allah, the details of the two views and what we view to be the truth in the matter, would follow

  • The First View:

Whoever who stopped short of making Takfeer on the Polytheists (Those who worship others besides Allah) who are affiliated to Islam, such is a Polytheist like them, because making Takfeer on them is from the Aslu Deen. So the one who refrains from it is like one who worshiped other than Allah. And such a person is joined to them in both Name and Verdict absolutely.

  • The Second View:

Indeed Takfeer is not from the Aslu Deen, rather it is from its exigencies, so one who refrains from making Takfeer on the Polytheists attributed to Islam would not be made Takfeer on till the Evidence [Huhja] is established upon him and the doubt is removed and his Ta’weel (misinterpretation) is cut off.

The intention of the term “Aslu Deen” in both views: It is by which Tawheed is ascertained of, before the Apostolic Evidence [al-Huhjah ar-Risaliyyah]

After reviewing what was falsely gone into extremes therein and in-depth in, we say while seeking the aid of Allah:

  1. Indeed the First view constitutes a false meaning, that is because Major Shirk has a reality and a characteristic, which if it is realized, the term “al-Mushrik” is applied on one who mixes with it. And if we were to equate the One who stops short of making Takfeer to One who worships other than Allah absolutely, it would necessitate making Takfeer on one who stops short of it certainly, because there is no excuse under pretext of Ignorance in Major Shirk. So the one who stops short of it (as per the view of the first side) is a Polytheist like the first. And it necessitates that the one who stops short regarding such [a person who stops short of making takfeer] is also a Polytheist, and so forth.

    And this is a real exigency and not an illusion for this Ta’seel [foundation]. And it leads to the false innovated Takfeer in sequence. And this is an evidence [Huhja] for the fact that this view is new and that it originated from a mistaken understanding from the texts. And it cannot be determined precisely. And it is rejected due to the falsehood of what it necessitates.

  2. Indeed the Second view constitutes a false meaning, as it brings Takfeer of the Polytheists to the level of hidden/obscured matters, wherein it is not possible to establish Evidence [Huhja] nor make Takfeer of the one who stops short of [making Takfeer on the polytheist], as long as he has a doubt or a Ta’weel regarding that. And this is in its reality a corrupt obstruction to a nullifier – which is agreed upon – from the nullifiers of Islam. Because the occurrence of a doubt is an unusual matter whose removal is an obligation in an Islamic State that rules with Shari’ah. As for making this unusual matter an origin upon which verdicts are built on, then such is an obstruction to these rulings and is contradictory to the meaning of the religion being manifest. And it is contrary to what has been narrated from the Scholars of the Religion, and especially the A’imah of the Najdi Da’wah – may Allah have mercy on them all.

  3. Delving into the meanings of Laa ilaaha illa laah [There is no God worthy of worship except Allah] and Kufr bi Taghut [Disbelief in False Deities] in this argumentative manner using the terms (al-Aslu [the origin] and al-Laazim [the necessary]) is prohibited. That is because it is a new saying which is of no benefit and we were not burdened with it by Allah. And it necessitates false necessities like excluding what is certain to be from the Aslu Deen of the Muslims as per the Apostolic Evidence [al-Huhjah ar-Risaliyyah], based on this definition. (For example belief in the prophethood of Muhammad – blessings of Allah and peace be upon him). And likewise it has led to arguments between the Mujahideen regarding what enters into the meaning of al-Asl and what is excluded from it. And this is exactly what we are warning against and hurrying to stop because difference of opinion in this dangerous matter would lead to making Tabdee’u [declaring the others to be innovators] and Takfeer of the other party unfairly and unjustly. (Since the matter which is differed in is the Kalimah of Tawheed itself) and this is something that cannot be tolerated in the Islamic State, especially when those who are differing regarding it are the Mujahideen in the path of Allah who have disbelieved in the Tawaqheet and made Takfeer on them and become hostile to them and fought them and made their disavowal from them and their followers manifest.

    And indeed ash-Shaykh Sulaiman bin ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdul Wahhab – may Allah accept him from the Shuhada – was asked regarding a similar matter:

    “The Sixth Issue: Regarding Allegiance and Enmity. Is it from the meanings of Laa ilaaha illa Laah? Or is it from its necessities?

    The Answer: is to say: Allah Knows best. But it is enough for the Muslim to know that: Allah has obligated upon him to be hostile to the Polytheists and not to ally with them. And He has obligated loving the believers and allying with them. And He has informed that this is from the conditions of al-Eeman (belief). And He has disclaimed Belief from those who befriends those who opposes Allah and His Messenger even if they were their own fathers, or their sons or their brothers or their clans. As for that being from the meanings of Laa ilaaha illa laah or from its necessities – Allah didn’t burden us with researching that. He only tasked us with knowing that Allah has obligated that and made it a duty. And he obligated acting upon it. And this is what the obligation is and what is certain wherein there is no doubt regarding it. And whoever who knew that it is from its meanings or that it is from its necessities then it’s a good thing and an increase in goodness. As for one who doesn’t know then he was not tasked with finding out about it. Especially since arguing and contending regarding it is from the things that would lead to evil, differences and a cause for splitting among the believers who have full filled the obligations of belief, and waged Jihad for the sake of Allah and were hostile against the Polytheists and allied themselves with the Muslims. So being silent regarding that is allocated. And this is what has manifested to me – that the difference in this matter is close to a difference from the perspective of the meaning. And Allah knows best”[2]

  4. It is forbidden to use the phrase (Takfeer al-Aathir [making Takfeer on the Excuser]) to describe the verdict of one who stops short of making Takfeer on the Polytheists attributed to Islam because it is not a precisely determined phrase.

    And even with our saying that there is no excuse under pretext of Ignorance in Major Shirk, it is not necessary from this new saying (Excuse Under pretext of Ignorance) that the excuser is stopping short of making Takfeer. This is because there are those from them who excuse under pretext of Ignorance but he makes Takfeer on the Polytheists because for him the Evidence has been established upon them and as such would not be stopping short of it.

    And likewise, Stopping short of making Takfeer on the Polytheists is not limited to the issue of Excusing under the pretext of Ignorance. And it maybe that he stops short of making Takfeer on them out of Arrogance and Rejection and following his desires or by making citation from the general texts that point to the greatness of the Kalimah Laa ilaaha illa laah.

    So the term (Takfeer al-Aathir) is not a precisely determined term in describing the one who stops short from making Takfeer on the Polytheists – whom the Scholars intend in the context of this Nullifier

  5. Indeed the one who stops short of making Takfeer on the Polytheists (affiliated to Islam) has committed a Nullifier which is agreed upon, and his disbelief depends upon the establishment of the Evidence [Huhja] in the issue, contrary to one who worships other than Allah.
  • And Takfeer of the Polytheists is an issue that is established from the Mutawatir clear texts wherein the people are equivalent in understanding [its context]. And the Establishment of the Huhja regarding it is by conveying the Qur’an – either in reality or in ruling. He the Most High said: { Say (O Muhammad SAW): “What thing is the most great in witness?” Say: “Allah is Witness between me and you; this Quran has been revealed to me that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach”} [al-An’aam: 19]

Ash-Shaykh al-Mujadid Muhammad bin ‘Abdul Wahhab – may Allah have mercy on him – said: (And know: that the evidence regarding the Takfeer of a Pious Muslim if he commits Shirk in Allah, or is with the Polytheists against the Monotheists even if he didn’t commit Shirk, is more than that can be defined, from the words of Allah, the statements of His Messenger and from the sayings of all of the Scholars)[3]

And ash-Shaykh ‘Abdul Lateef bin ‘Abdur Rahman bin Hassan – may Allah have mercy on them all – said: (And it is said: The book of Allah, the Sunnah of His Messenger, and the statements of the Scholars, are demonstrably and plentifully clear regarding the Takfeer of one who makes Du’a to one besides Allah, and calls upon him in matters that no one is capable of except Allah … And the whole Qur’an points to this meaning, and establishes it, even if the paths and ways in which it is stated and attention is drawn to it differs)[4]

And some of the Scholars of the Najdi Da’wah said: (As for those who do not make Takfeer on the Polytheist, such does not affirm the Qur’an, because the Qur’an has made Takfeer of the Polytheists, and commanded to make Takfeer on them, to be hostile to them and to fight against them)[5]

  • However some ambiguity might arise in this issue regarding some of the Polytheists affiliated to Islam, and that is due to the appearance of Ignorance, weakness of the Da’wah and spreading of doubts. And here the Evidence is established by explaining the clear texts that show the Kufr of these Polytheists. And if he stops after the explanation then he has disbelieved. Ash-Shaykh Sulaiman bin ‘Abdullah – may Allah accept him – said: (And if he was doubtful about their disbelief, or ignorant of their disbelief, then the evidence from the book of Allah, and the Sunnah of His Messenger is explained to him regarding their disbelief. And if he doubts after that and is hesitant after that, then such is a disbeliever by consensus (Ijma’) of the Scholars regarding one who doubts about the disbelief of a disbeliever being a disbeliever.)[6]
  • And if the matter became apparent with the manifest of the Religion and the elevation of its voice and the attainment of its Da’wah (like it has happened in the Islamic State – may Allah honour it) then there is no validity for the doubt in obstructing the Shar’ee ruling. And this is what is known from the Scholars of Guidance from the Najdi Da’wah who occupied themselves in this issue and died upon goodness.

Some of the Ai’mah of the Da’wah – may Allah have mercy on them all – said: (Whoever who doesn’t make Takfeer on the Polythesists of the Turkish State and the Grave Worshippers – like the people of Makkah and others besides them – who worship the pious (Saaliheen), and switched from Tawheed of Allah to Shirk, and changed the Sunnah of His Messenger – blessings of Allah and peace be upon him – with innovations, such is a disbeliever like them, that is even if he disliked their religion, and hated them, and loved Islam and the Muslims. For indeed those who do not make Takfeer on the Polytheists has not affirmed the Qur’an, for indeed the Qur’an makes Takfeer on the Polytheists, and commanded to make Takfeer on them, and be hostile to them and fight them)[7]

And it is an obligation upon the Preachers [Du’at] and The Students of Knowledge in the Islamic State to warn the people from Shirk and from falling into it or from stopping short of making Takfeer on the Polytheists. And [it is an obligation upon them] to uncover the doubts of those who argue regarding them to rise up with the obligations of Warning and Delivering [the Message]. And this is the religion of the prophets – may peace be upon them. And by it, the religion would be manifest.

Ash-Shaykh ‘Abdul Lateef Aal-Shaykh – may Allah have mercy on him – said: (The Scholars informing the ignorant people about the fundamentals of Islam, and the essentials of belief, and the clear texts, and the issues that are agreed upon, is an evidence with the Scholars, by which the Evidence is established, upon which rulings are based on, rulings of apostasy and others like it. And the Messenger – blessings of Allah and peace be upon him – commanded to convey from him, and he encouraged upon that, and Allah said regarding Justification and Warning in his Glorious Book: {that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach} [al-An’aam: 19], till he – may Allah have mercy on him – said: (and in short: The evidence in every age, it is only established with the Scholars – the inheritors of the Prophets)[8]

So the Appearance of the issue of making Takfeer on the Polytheists – it is the origin. And we are in a state that rules by the Shari’ah of Allah. And it is a necessary obligation upon the Preachers [Du’at] in it to warn, delivery, and enforce the Shar’ee rulings, and to remove what is attached to it therein from the doubts, and from that is making takfeer on one who stops short of making Takfeer on the Polytheists affiliated to Islam. And they should not adopt the doubt of the abolishers and take it as an origin thereby obstructing a Shar’ee ruling which is agreed upon. And we Seek refuge in Allah from that.

And we remind our sons the soldiers of the Islamic State by the command of Allah and His Messenger – blessings of Allah and peace be upon him – regarding the obligation of listening and obeying those whom Allah has appointed over their affairs, and regarding the obligation of uniting and discarding disunity, enmity and discord.

He the Most High said: {And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength depart, and be patient. Surely, Allah is with those who are patient} [al-Anfaal : 46]

And He said: {Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects, you (O Muhammad SAW) have no concern in them in the least. Their affair is only with Allah, Who then will tell them what they used to do.} [al-An’aam: 159]

And the messenger of Allah – blessings of Allah and peace be upon him – said: (Shall I not inform you of what is better in status than Fasting, Praying and Charity?) They [the companions] said: Indeed. He said: (Making peace between one another, for indeed spoiling relations between each other, it is the Haaliqah [the Shaver/ the Destroyer])[9] and in another narration (I do not say that it shaves the hair, but it shaves the Religion)

And may the blessings of Allah be upon our prophet – Muhammad – and his family and all of his companions.


[1] Narrated by at-Tirmidhi and he said: a Hassan-Sahih Hadith

[2] Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah fi al-Ajwibah an-Najdiyyah (8/166)

[3] Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah fi al-Ajwibathu an-Najdiyyah (10/8)

[4] Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah fi al-Ajwibathu an-Najdiyyah (12/190)

[5] Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah fi al-Ajwibathu an-Najdiyyah (9/291)

[6] Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah fi al-Ajwibathu an-Najdiyyah (8/160)

[7] Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah fi al-Ajwibah an-Najdiyyah (9/291)

[8] Misbaah az-Zalaam fi ar-Rad ‘ala man Kazzaba ash-Shaykh al-Imam wa Nasabahu ilaa Takfeer ahlu al-Eeman wa al-Islam (1/207)

[9] Narrated by at-Tirmidhi – and He said: (a Hassan-Sahih Hadith)

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4 comments on “The Just Path: Between the Extremes of Excessiveness & Negligence

  1. Mohamad says:

    May Allah make your feet firm and give you victory.

    Like

  2. ruman says:

    Jazakallah khair,we ahlesunnah wal jamaah are balanced between khariji and murjiya.

    Like

  3. You are dead Islamic State , you will suffer serious consequences. We will exterminate you forever .

    Like

  4. can i get durar as saaniyah in english pdf

    Like

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